Born 18 February 1896 in Tinchebray, France. French critic, writer, and
poet. At the beginning of World War I, he was a student of medicine and
particularly interested in psychiatry. In 1916 he met Jacques Vaché,
a legendary predecessor of dadaism. His first publications were influenced
by Rimbaud. When Tristan Tzara came to Paris from Zürich in 1916,
Breton joined the Paris DaDa movement together with his friends Paul Eluard
and Phillipe Soupalt. The periodical "Littérature," of which Breton
was co-founder, served the cause of the dadaists. Breton played an important
part in the earlier DaDa publications in Paris. In 1921 he broke with Tzara
and the Parisian dadaists. Published his "Manifeste du Surréaliste."
Somewhat later, he was co-editor of the periodical "La Révolution
surréaliste" (1924-29), and thus founded the school of literary
surrealism, of which he became the most important theorist.